Joanna Schaefer began working with line in sculpture in 1969. Using twine, rope, wire and reed, she constructed three-dimensional pieces designed either to hang in space or stand free. She worked exclusively with line for more than 10 years. By 1980, Schaefer she had started adding other elements to the pieces, including branches, bones and leather. She now uses a wide variety of materials, from bone to Styrofoam. Schaefer’s early work appears abstract, while more recent pieces appear figurative. To her, they are the same: arrangements of form, space, texture, color and attitude. An underlying factor throughout her work is a sense of space derived from landscape. Schaefer is also a printmaker, using wood, cardboard and other materials, sometimes combining relief with intaglio. Website: sites.google.com/view/2zwrks/showcase.